VERA FILES FACT SHEET: Amid new COVID-19 virus variants, here’s how the Philippines can prevent another surge
The novel coronavirus has changed more than 10,000 times since the COVID-19 pandemic began.
In six days, the Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID) retracted its resolution allowing local government units to accept vaccination cards or certificates of quarantine completion of fully vaccinated domestic travelers as “sufficient alternative[s]” to COVID-19 tests before travel or upon arrival at the destination.
On July 2, the task force issued Resolution No. 124-B, providing guidelines for fully vaccinated individuals, which states in part:
“...the presentation of a COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) domestic vaccination card duly issued by a legitimate vaccinating establishment, or certificate of quarantine completion showing the holder’s vaccination status as may be issued by the Bureau of Quarantine, whichever is applicable, shall be sufficient alternatives to any testing requirement (before travel or upon arrival) which the local government unit [(LGU)] of destination may require.”
Source: Official Gazette of the Philippines, IATF Resolution No. 124-B, July 2, 2021
The same policy guidelines stated, however, that fully vaccinated persons who are close contacts of confirmed COVID-19 cases should still undergo real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests conducted no later than the fifth date from a person’s exposure.
On July 8, the IATF-EID modified its July 2 guidelines by issuing Resolution No. 125 that gives LGUs the discretion to retain mandatory RT-PCR COVID-19 tests as a requirement for incoming domestic tourists. It said:
“...as amended, local government units may accept (i) a Covid-19 vaccination card duly issued by a legitimate vaccinating establishment/authority whether local or foreign; or (ii) certificate of quarantine completion showing the holder’s vaccination status as may be issued by the Bureau of Quarantine, whichever is applicable, as an alternative to RT-PCR testing requirement (before travel or upon arrival) which the local government unit may require.”
Source: Official Gazette of the Philippines, IATF Resolution No. 125, July 8, 2021
This, after the League of Provinces of the Philippines (LPP), an organization representing all 81 provincial governments in the country, expressed its hesitation to implement the July 2 policy and appealed to the IATF to give provincial governments an option to require COVID-19 tests for travelers.
In a July 6 interview on Dobol B TV, Marinduque Governor Presbitero Velasco Jr., concurrently president of the LPP, stressed that health and exposure screenings may fall short in detecting asymptomatic tourists, hence the appeal.
In a separate interview on Radio Mindanao Network (RMN), Velasco said provincial governors want to remain vigilant in curbing the potential spread of COVID-19 variants of concern in the country. The Department of Health reported on July 5 that 19 cases of the Delta variant were detected in the Philippines. (See VERA FILES FACT SHEET: Amid new COVID-19 virus variants, here’s how the Philippines can prevent another surge)
While the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) works on an authentication system for vaccination cards, Health Secretary Francisco Duque III said in a July 7 interview on ABS-CBN Teleradyo that the current vaccination verification system relies on “good faith” that people would not falsify such documents.
The COVID-19 task force first removed the mandatory testing and quarantine for domestic travelers on Feb. 26 through Resolution No. 101. The resolution then allowed LGUs to require an RT-PCR test and quarantine if a tourist exhibits COVID-19 symptoms upon arrival at the destination.
As of July 5, around 2.87 million Filipinos belonging to the first five priority groups have been inoculated with COVID-19 vaccines. Vaccine czar Carlito Galvez Jr. announced in May that the Philippines initially planned to inoculate 70 million Filipinos to achieve herd immunity, but due to intermittent vaccine supply shipments, the country now aims to vaccinate around 50 million out of 110 million population, under the COVID-19 vaccination program.
In a June 25 interview on ABS-CBN TeleRadyo, Health Secretary Francisco Duque III said the Philippines is on track to achieve herd immunity “more or less” in November or December 2021, and “at the most, possibly in January ,” citing the adequacy of vaccine supply.
Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO) Official Facebook Page, #LagingHanda | Mga hakbang ng DICT upang magkaroon ng unified issuance and validation ng vaccination cards ang lahat ng lokal na pamahalaan, July 10, 2021
ABS-CBN News Official Youtube Channel, Kuwentuhang Lokal | Teleradyo (7 July 2021), July 7, 2021
Official Gazette of the Philippines, IATF Resolution No. 124-B, July 2, 2021
Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO), Children, ages 5 and above, now allowed in some outdoor MGCQ and GCQ areas, July 9, 2021
CNN Philippines, Pandemic task force allows LGUs to require COVID-19 tests, July 9, 2021
Manila Bulletin, LGUs have option to require RT-PCR tests from fully vaccinated individuals entering jurisdiction, says DOH, July 9, 2021
Official Gazette of the Philippines, IATF Resolution No. 125, July 8, 2021
League of Provinces of the Philippines (LPP), About us, Accessed July 9, 2021
GMA News Online, League of Provinces wary of removing COVID-19 test as travel requirement, July 6, 2021
Manila Bulletin, Governors’ group insists on swab test even for fully-vaccinated travelers, July 6, 2021
Radio Mindanao Network (RMN), Resolusyon ng IATF na payagan nang makapag-travel ang mga full vaccinated ng walang COVID-19 testing, tinutulan ng LPP, July 6, 2021
Inquirer.net, Two more cases of Delta variant infection logged in PH, says DOH, July 5, 2021
ABS-CBN News, DOH reports 2 new cases of Delta COVID-19 variant in PH, July 5, 2021
Rappler, DOH detects 2 new cases of COVID-19 Delta variant, July 5, 2021
Official Gazette of the Philippines, IATF Resolution No. 101, Feb. 26, 2021
Department of Health (DOH) Official Facebook Page, [VACCINE ROLLOUT UPDATE: 05 July 2021], July 5, 2021
Manila Bulletin, From 70M to 58M: Galvez wants lower target to achieve herd immunity, May 4, 2021
Philstar.com, Government to inoculate 25 million people by Christmas, May 12, 2021
Inquirer.net, COVID-19 vaccination target may need adjustment – Galvez, May 5, 2021
ABS-CBN News Official Youtube Channel, Teleradyo Balita (25 June 2021), June 25, 2021
(Guided by the code of principles of the International Fact-Checking Network at Poynter, VERA Files tracks the false claims, flip-flops, misleading statements of public officials and figures, and debunks them with factual evidence. Find out more about this initiative and our methodology.)
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