The National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) did a 180-degree turn when it issued a cease and desist order against media network ABS-CBN from continuing its broadcast operations beyond the expiration of its franchise on May 4.
In a press release on May 5, the NTC, the government agency in charge of regulating and supervising telecommunications services, announced that it “directed” ABS-CBN to:
“…stop operating its various TV and radio broadcasting stations nationwide ‘absent a valid Congressional Franchise as required by law’.”
Citing the 1963 Radio Control Law, or Act 3846, the NTC said ABS-CBN no longer had a valid authority to operate upon the expiration of its 25-year franchise granted through Republic Act 7966 on March 30, 1995.
In an interview with DZMM, the broadcasting network’s radio arm which is also affected by the cease and desist order, NTC Deputy Commissioner Edgardo Cabarios said since there is no law renewing the expired franchise, ABS-CBN’s operations would have “no leg to stand on.”
Two months earlier, NTC Commissioner Gamaliel Cordoba said the agency will “follow” the advice of the Department of Justice (DOJ) and allow ABS-CBN to operate beyond May 4 while its application for renewal remains pending in Congress.
In a House legislative committee hearing on the renewal of the franchise on March 10, Cordoba, who was asked on the NTC’s position on the matter, said:
“May I assure this committee that, barring a gross violation of its franchise of the NTC rules and regulations, the NTC will follow the latest advice of the DOJ and let ABS-CBN continue operations based on equity.”
Source: House of the Representatives of the Philippines Facebook, Proceedings for the Committee Deliberation of the Application of ABS-CBN Corporation, March 10, 2020, watch from 37:41 to 37:51
The four-page NTC order did not cite any “gross violation” of its regulations committed by ABS-CBN.
In an interview with reporters during the Senate hearing on Feb. 24, Justice Secretary Menardo Guevarra said the network must be allowed to “continue the practice” because there are “gaps in the law,” thus the need for “equity considerations.” He called on Congress to define the rights and obligations of the franchisee during the interim between the expiration of the franchise and the legislative action on the pending franchise application.
The NTC’s May 5 cease and desist order came two days after the Office of the Solicitor General (OSG), an attached agency of the DOJ, “cautioned” the NTC against the issuance of such provisional authority in the absence of a “valid and existing franchise.”
The OSG further warned NTC commissioners that they “risk subjecting themselves to prosecution” under the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act should they issue a provisional authority to ABS-CBN and its affiliates.
But on May 4, Guevarra contradicted Solicitor General Jose Calida’s statement, saying the DOJ “stands by its position that there is sufficient equitable basis to allow broadcast entities to continue operating while the bills for the renewal of their franchise remain pending with Congress.”
ABS-CBN, in a statement, said it will comply with the NTC order and that it “trusts” the government will decide “with the best interest of the Filipino people in mind, recognizing ABS-CBN’s role and efforts in providing the latest news and information during these challenging times.”
The NTC order covers ABS-CBN Corporation — which is one of the biggest media conglomerates in the country — and its regional affiliates, including five AM and 18 FM radio stations, and 42 television stations.
A franchise is a “privilege” granted by Congress to broadcast entities, such as ABS-CBN, to engage in a “certain type of telecommunications service.” (See VERA FILES FACT SHEET: The ABS-CBN franchise conundrum)
Based on a 2003 Supreme Court decision, the power to issue and extend franchises — including provisional permits — for operating radio and television broadcasting stations lies with Congress, not the NTC.
However, former Chief Justice Reynato Puno, who penned the Supreme Court decision, said in a Feb. 25 media interview that a concurrent resolution by both houses of Congress, or a resolution from the House of Representatives, granting ABS-CBN a provisional permit would suffice to allow it to continue airing pending legislative action on the franchise application.
The next day, House Committee on Legislative Franchises Chair Franz Alvarez, in a letter concurred in by Speaker Alan Peter Cayetano, urged the NTC to issue to ABS-CBN Corporation and its subsidiaries and affiliates:
“…provisional authority to operate effective May 4, 2020 until such time that the House of Representatives/Congress has made a decision on its (ABS-CBN) application.”
The House, however, did not adopt a resolution on the matter.
The Senate adopted on March 4 a resolution “authorizing” the NTC to issue a provisional authority to the network “under such terms and conditions as the NTC may deem necessary” until Congress decides on the franchise renewal bills.
Franchise bills are considered local bills, which, under Sec. 24, Art. VI of the Constitution, must “originate exclusively in the House of Representatives.” The Senate, however, may “propose or concur with amendments.”
Philippine Board of Investments, RA 7925 – Public Telecommunications Policy Act of the Philippines, Feb. 20, 2018
ABS-CBN News Channel Official Twitter, JUST IN: NTC issues cease and desist order against ABS-CBN, May 5, 2020
Rappler Official Twitter, BREAKING: The NTC issues a cease and desist order vs ABS-CBN, May 5, 2020
Inquirer.net Official Twitter, BREAKING: NTC orders ABS-CBN to stop broadcasting due to expiration of franchise, May 5, 2020
National Telecommunications Commission, Republic Act No. 3846
The Corpus Juris, Republic Act No. 7966: Granting ABS-CBN Corporation a franchise, March 30, 1995
DZMM Teleradyo Official Facebook, Pag-broadcast ng ABS-CBN ipinahihinto ng NTC, May 5, 2020
Allowing to operate
- House of Representatives of the Philippines Facebook, Proceedings of the Committee Deliberation of the Application for the franchise renewal of ABS-CBN Corporation, March 10, 2020
- ABS-CBN News Facebook, DOJ Sec. Guevarra talks to reporters as Senate hears ABS-CBN franchise, Feb. 24, 2020
- Office of the Solicitor General, About the Office
- ABS-CBN News Online, Calida warns NTC against issuing provisional authority to ABS-CBN, affiliates, May 3, 2020
- Inquirer.net, Calida warns NTC vs granting provisional authority to ABS-CBN, May 3, 2020
- Rappler.com, Calida warns NTC against granting provisional authority to ABS-CBN, May 3, 2020
- Philstar.com, Guevarra stands firm: Broadcast companies may operate pending franchise renewal, May 4, 2020
- Rappler.com, Guevarra counters Calida: ABS-CBN can operate while franchise renewal ongoing, May 4, 2020
- GMA News Online, Guevarra: Cease and desist order vs. ABS-CBN ‘immediately executory,’ can be appealed, May 5, 2020
- ABS-CBN News Twitter, ABS-CBN statement on NTC order, May 5, 2020
- ABS-CBN News Channel, “BREAKING: National Telecommunications Commission orders ABS-CBN…,” May 5, 2020
- Media Ownership Monitor Philippines, ABS-CBN Corporation, last updated Jan. 16, 2017
- Supreme Court E-library, G.R. No. 144109: Associated Communications & Wireless Services – United Broadcasting Networks vs National Telecommunications Communication Decision, Feb. 17, 2003
- CNN Philippines Youtube, The Source: Reynato Puno, Feb. 25, 2020
- CNN Philippines, House asks NTC to let ABS-CBN operate pending franchise renewal, Feb. 26, 2020
- Philstar.com, House panel tells NTC: Let ABS-CBN operate, Feb. 27, 2020
- ABS-CBN News, House panel asks NTC to grant ABS-CBN provisional authority to operate past franchise expiration, Feb. 26, 2020
- Senate.gov.ph, Resolution No. 344: Authorizing NTC to issue a provisional authority to ABS-CBN Corp, March 4, 2020
- Senate.gov.ph, Resolution No. 344, March 4, 2020
- Senate.gov.ph, Press Release – Transcript of Sen. Grace Poe’s Press Briefing, Feb. 17, 2020
- Official Gazette, 1987 Constitution (Sec. 24, Art. VI)