VERA FILES FACT SHEET: Timeline of anti-graft bodies through the years

The Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission (PACC), which President Rodrigo Duterte vowed to create five months ago, is still not in operation, Palace spokesperson Harry Roque said Jan. 9. (See VERA FILES FACT CHECK: Anti-graft body still not in operation five months since after Duterte’s urgent vow)

Since Corazon Aquino, different commissions under different administrations have been set up to investigate corruption.

Here’s a timeline.


Executive Order 1, s 1986

Executive Order 151, s 1994

Executive Order 268, s 2000

Executive Order 12, s. 2001

Executive Order 1 s. 2010

Executive Order 13, s. 2010

GR No. 192935, Biraogo vs. Truth Commission, Dec. 7, 2010

Executive Order 43 s. 2017

(Guided by the code of principles of the International Fact-Checking Network at Poynter, VERA Files tracks the false claims, flip-flops, misleading statements of public officials and figures, and debunks them with factual evidence. Find out more about this initiative.)